Khayrallah Prize ~ Previous Winners
The Khayrallah Prize in Migration Studies recognizes outstanding scholarly studies from any discipline focusing on Middle East migration and diasporas. Two prizes are given annually. The first prize, in the amount of $1000, is awarded to an established scholar. The second prize, in the amount of $1000, is awarded to a graduate student.
Scholar Award Winner ~ Dr. Benjamin White
Benjamin Thomas White teaches history at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, where he is also a member of the Glasgow Refugee, Asylum, and Migration Network (GRAMNet). A Middle East historian by background, he now also teaches the history of refugees in the world since the late nineteenth century. His current research focuses on the past and present of the refugee camp, and he blogs (occasionally) at http://singularthings.wordpress.com/
In “Refugees and the Definition of Syria, 1920-1939,” Benjamin White has produced a compelling study of the constitutive role that refugees played in Syrian state formation between the French occupation in 1920 and World War II. Through careful engagement with both secondary literature and original research, the article shows how the modern state was formed around, and against, processes of forced migration and displacement. As Kurdish, Assyrian, and Armenian refugees arrived in Syria, the refugee issue provided opportunities for French authorities to assert mandate authority, and in turn for Syrian nationalists to assert national claims. By situating processes of migration and displacement as the linchpin to the history of Syrian state formation, White elucidates the ways in which, over time, discrete groups sought to define the nation by either the inclusion or exclusion of refugee populations. The article deftly concludes with White’s overview of other moments in the history of twentieth century western Eurasia during which displaced populations drove state formation, and in response, nation-states responded to the presence of refugee populations by attempting to incorporate, expel, or instrumentalize them. Through adopting what he terms an ‘itinerant perspective’ on this moment in Syrian history, White encourages us to see displacement (in and beyond the Middle East) as having the ability to recast our understanding of the modern world.
Scholar Award Honorable Mention ~ Dr. Daniel Hershenzon
Daniel Hershenzon is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Literatures, Cultures, and Languages at the University of Connecticut. His book (University of Pennsylvania Press, Forthcoming 2018) titled “Early Modern Spain and the Mediterranean: Captivity, Commerce, and Communication” explores the 17th century entangled histories of Spain, Morocco and Ottoman Algiers, arguing that captivity and ransom of Christians and Muslims shaped the Mediterranean as a socially, politically, and economically integrated region. Hershenzon has published articles in Past and Present, the Journal of Early Modern History, African Economic History, History Compass, Philological Encounters, and in edited volumes. He held fellowships from the SSRC, the Mellon Foundation, the European University Institute in Florence, and the Humanities Institute at the Universities of Michigan and Connecticut.
Graduate Student Award Winner ~ Ms. Ann-Christin Wagner
Ann-Christin Wagner is a PhD candidate in the Social Anthropology Department at the University of Edinburgh and associated with IFPO Amman’s LAJEH project. In 2017, she was a Visiting Fellow at the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford. Ann’s research lies at the intersection of Development and Forced Migration Studies; it is concerned with rethinking the role of mobility in displacement. Drawing on fourteen months of ethnographic fieldwork with Syrian refugees in a Jordanian border town, she explores how Syrians’ (im)mobilities in exile are shaped by pre-war labour migration schemes and humanitarian action. The particularity of her study lies in its ethnographic engagement with displaced rural populations who gather in remote areas at the margins of both academic and humanitarian imaginaries. Ann’s work seeks to inform humanitarian policy, drawing on her combined experience as a researcher and as a humanitarian practitioner. Prior to her doctoral studies, Ann worked with the International Organization for Migration in Geneva, initially as a fellow of the prestigious German-government funded Carlo-Schmid programme.
Ann-Christin Wagner’s “Displacing Displacement among Syrian Refugees in Mafraq, Jordan”paints a nuanced and subtle ethnographic picture of the moving lives of the men and women who have taken up residence in this border town since 2011. Based on fieldwork conducted in this out-of- the-way place in 2016, Wagner’s article makes an important contribution to a growing body of scholarly work dedicated to complicating representations of the Middle East as a disordered place of civil conflict and refugee camps, and situating forced displacement within longer histories of labor migration. This is a piece that unfolds in stages, revealing through a series of interwoven case studies the patterns and logics of movement that have shaped the choices of the Syrians who have settled in Mafraq in recent years. Many, Wagner finds, have moved before, working as itinerant laborers in Jordan or finding work as agricultural laborers within Syria. Displacement, then, is nothing new to them, and they have brought the logic of labor migration to their new lives as refugees – using aid, for instance, to provide remittances to relatives still in Syria. Written in elegant, measured prose, the article is as sensitive to the personal deliberations and experiences of individual migrants and refugees as it is to their structural circumstances, and the way in which war has created new restrictions and inequalities, allowing some to profit while also forcing many to become immobile and to stay put where they once
would have moved back and forth.
Scholar Award Winner: Dr. Anja Kublitz
Anja Kublitz was awarded the Khayrallah Prize for her article “From Revolutionaries to Muslims: Liminal Becomings Across Palestinian Generations in Denmark” which was published by International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies (January 2016). In it she suggests that rather than conceive of secular revolutionaries and Muslims as oppositions, we should think of them as substitutions, as liminal becomings that are repeated with a difference. The article is part of her forthcoming book project Mutable Conflicts: Life of Catastrophes Among Palestinians in Denmark that explores how the Palestinian catastrophe of 1948, al-Nakba, reappears among Palestinian refugees in Denmark at the beginning of the 21st century.
Dr.Kublitz is Assistant Professor at Department of Culture and Globalization, Aalborg University, Denmark. She earned her PhD. from Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen. Her research is guided by the overall question of how conflicts move across space and time. Theoretically, she is interested in how conflicts reconfigure space and time itself and forge political subjectivities. She has explored these questions through fieldwork in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Israel and among refugees from the Middle East in Denmark. Dr. Kublitz current research project is entitled “Affective Events: An Anthropological Study of the Social Formation of Danish Foreign Fighters”. Her publications include “The Ongoing Catastrophe: Erosion of Life in the Danish Camps”. Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 29(2), “Seizing Catastrophes: The Temporality of Nakba among Palestinians in Denmark”. In: M. Holbraad and M.A. Pedersen (eds.), Times Of Security: Ethnographies of Fear, Protest and the Future (Routledge 2013) and “The Cartoon Controversy: Creating Muslims in a Danish Setting”. Social Analysis 2010 54(3).
Scholar Award Honorable Mention: Dr. Salim Yaqub
Dr. Salim Yaqub is Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His scholarship has focused on U.S. interactions with theArab world. His first book, Containing Arab Nationalism: The Eisenhower Doctrine and the Middle East (University of North Carolina Press, 2004), pursued the topic fairly traditionally, analyzing official relations between the United States and several Arab countries in the 1950’s. In recent years he has taken a more holistic approach, examining not just state-to-state contacts but other dimensions of the U.S.-Arab encounter: cultural perceptions, domestic political debates, economic cooperation and coercion, and Arab-American political activism. This wider focus is evident in his second book, Imperfect Strangers: Americans, Arabs, and U.S.–Middle East Relations in the 1970’s, which Cornell University Press published in September 2016. In addition to teaching history courses, he directs UCSB’s Center for Cold War Studies and International History.
He received honorable mention for his article “’Our Declaration of Independence‘: African American, Arab Americans, and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1967-1979” which appeared in Mashriq&Mahjar: Journal of Middle East and North African Migration Studies. His article examines the evolution of African-American commentary and activism on the Arab-Israeli conflict from 1967 to 1979. It focuses in particular on the crystallization of a moderate black position that, while continuing to support the existence of a Jewish state in Palestine, increasingly questioned the pro-Israel orientation of U.S. foreign policy. The article argues that the emergence of this perspective reflected a transformation in the politics of the Arab-Israeli dispute, both internationally and within the United States. Following the October War of 1973, the Arab states and the Palestine Liberation Organization, along with Arab-American groups, grew more amenable to an imagined settlement involving Israel’s withdrawal from all of the Arab territory occupied in the 1967 War and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The emergence of this pragmatic position, articulated simultaneously by Arabs and Arab Americans, opened up new political space for African-American moderates, making it possible for them to support Arab and Palestinian claims without opposing Israel’s existence. In the process, Arab Americans began playing more visible roles in national political discourse.
Scholar Award Winner: Dr. Ghenwa Hayek
Ghenwa Hayek is Assistant Professor of Modern Arabic Literature in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at the University of Chicago. Her research focuses on the entangled relationships between literary and cultural production, space and place, and identity formation from the nineteenth century to the present. In her first book, Beirut, Imagining the City: Space and Place in Lebanese Literature (IB Tauris, 2014), she develops an interdisciplinary engagement grounded in the fields of literary and cultural studies, critical geography, and studies of nationalism and identity to trace modes of imagining the city of Beirut in Lebanese fiction.
Dr. Hayek was awarded the Khayrallah Prize for her essay “‘Carrying Africa’, Becoming Lebanese: Diasporic Middleness in Lebanese Fiction” which appeared in the volume Diasporas, Cultures of Mobilities, ‘Race’ (Presses Universitaires de la Méditerraneée, 2015). In it she explores how race was inscribed in Lebanon through literature about immigrants in Africa. It is a part of her forthcoming book project, which explores transnational imaginings of the Lebanese diaspora and the particular racial, sexual, and national anxieties that emigration elicits in Lebanese literary culture.
Scholar Award Honorable Mention: Dr. Paul Silverstein
Paul A. Silverstein (PhD University of Chicago, 1998) is Professor of Anthropology at Reed College (Portland, OR USA) and a 2015-16Fulbright Scholar and Visiting Professor in the Interculturalism, Migration and Minorities Research Center in the Department of Anthropology at KU Leuven (Belgium). He is author of Algeria in France: Transpolitics, Race and Nation (Indiana UP, 2004), and co-editor of Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa (Indiana UP, 2006) and Bourdieu in Algeria: Colonial Politics, Ethnographic Practices, Theoretical Developments (Nebraska UP, 2009). A 2008 Carnegie Scholar, his recent research has focused on Amazigh (Berber) activism, migration, development, and religiosity in Morocco and its European diaspora, and has been published in a variety of disciplinary and area studies journals and edited volumes. He is currently investigating the history of migrant labor recruitment and cross-ethnic politics in the coal mines of Northern Europe. He is past chair of the board of directors of the Middle East Research and Information Project based in Washington, DC.
His article, “The diaspora and the cemetery: emigration and social transformation in a Moroccan oasis community,” appeared in the Journal of North African Studies in 2015, and it explores the history and social consequences of emigration from the southeastern oases of Morocco, which since the 1940s have functioned as a veritable demographic pump, sending streams of labour migrants to northern cities and across the Mediterranean. The selection was impressed with the breadth of his research and the depth of his analytical insights particularly in challenging the larger migration literature that “has too often, and without qualification, characterised emigration as cultural uprooting and an inevitable harbinger of social death.”
Graduate Student Award Winner: Mr. Gerasimos Tsourapas
Gerasimos Tsourapas is a Ph.D. candidate in Politics at SOAS, University of London. His research interests include diaspora politics, the interplay between migration and authoritarianism, as well as the politics of the Middle East, with a specific focus on Egypt and Tunisia. His published work has appeared in the British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Mediterranean Politics, and Insight Turkey. He has also written on the politics of Egyptian migration to Libya for the Middle East Research and Information Project. He holds a BA from Yale University, and two MSc degrees from the London School of Economics and SOAS. Before coming to SOAS, he was employed as a researcher for the Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2009-11), and as a European Union elections observer, most recently during the Tunisian Constituent Assembly elections.
Mr. Tsourapas was awarded the Khayralla Prize for his unpublished essay ”Labour Emigration, Soft Power, and State Strength in Nasserite Egypt.” In this article he focuses on whether labour emigration can enhance state capacity by strengthening the state’s ability to broadcast and publicly disseminate political messages. He argues that short-term labor emigration in the 1960s enhanced the Egyptian state’s capacity for large-scale influence through the projection of the Nasserite regime’s prevailing political vision in host states across Africa and the Middle East. Utilising newly-compiled statistical and archival data from Egypt and the United Kingdom, he demonstrates that the short-term emigration of Egyptian professionals allowed for Egypt’s “soft power” to be exercised through mechanisms of political communication, which fit the immaterial character of this form of power.
- Professor Wendy Pearlman (Northwestern University), for her article, “Competing for Lebanon’s Diaspora: Transnationalism and Domestic Struggles in a Weak State.” The article appeared in International Migration Review (Spring 2014). Wendy Pearlman is Assistant Professor of Political Science and the Crown Junior Chair in Middle East Studies and at Northwestern University. She is the author of Violence, Nonviolence, and the Palestinian National Movement (Cambridge University Press, 2011). Her first book, Occupied Voices: Stories of Everyday Life from the Second Intifada (Nation Books, 2003), was a Boston Globe and Washington Post bestseller. She earned her PhD. from Harvard University.
- Ms. Silvia Ferreira (University of California, Santa Barbara) for her article “Excavating Mashreqi Roots in the Mahjar: Agriculture and Assimilation in Raduan Nassar’s Lavoura arcaica.” Her article will appear in Mashriq & Mahjar: Journal of Middle East Migration Studies (Fall 2014). Silvia C. Ferreira is a PhD candidate in the Comparative Literature Program at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She is currently completing her dissertation titled Hybrid Translations: The Literature of Arab Migration to Brazil, in which she traces the diverse discursive strategies through which Arab migration to Brazil reinvented their embodiment through Arabic- and Portuguese-language fiction throughout the twentieth century. Her research brings together critical theories from cultural studies and contemporary translation studies in order to explore the effects of different discourses of modernity and the nation on migration subject formation.